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By New_Deal_democrat June 25, 2016 10:54 am
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Weekly Indicators: younameitexit edition
Monthly May data included a decline in the Index of Leading Indicators, due mainly to a brief jump in initial unemployment claims, and a decline in durable goods orders, but a new post-recession record high in existing home sales, and a monthly decline in new home sales from their post-recession highs to the second highest post-recession reading.

My usual note: I look at the high frequency weekly indicators because while they can be very noisy, they provide a good Now-cast of the economy, and will telegraph the maintenance or change in the economy well before monthly or quarterly data is available.  They are also an excellent way to "mark your beliefs to market."


In general I go in order of long leading indicators, then short leading indicators, then coincident indicators.


Interest rates and credit spreads (NOTE: through Wednesday)

  • 4.55% BAA corporate bonds up +.08% (down -0.94% since Jan 1)
  • 1.69% 10 year treasury bonds up +.12%
  • 2.86% credit spread between corporates and treasuries down -.04%
Yield curve, 10 year minus 2 year:
  • 0.94%, up +.07% w/w
30 year conventional mortgage rate:
  • 3.49%, down -.04% w/w (new 1 year low)

Despite coming very close on Friday, with the exception of BAA corporate bonds yields, which made a new 50+ year low in January 2015, yields for corporate bonds, treasuries, and mortgages have all failed to make new lows in 3 years, thus turning yellow (caution or neutral vs. positive) as a recession indicator -- although treasuries and mortgage rates both came very close to new all-time lows in February and again this past week, and remain low enough to be short-term positives.  Spreads have improved enough this year to go from negative to neutral. The yield curve is in its longer term normally positive range.




Mortgage applications


  • purchase applications down -2% w/w
  • purchase applications up +12% YoY
  • refinance applications up +7% w/w
Real Estate loans
  • Up +0.2 w/w
  • +6.7% YoY

Mortgage applications had been awful for several years, before turning up early last year in response to very low rates. Purchase applications are very positive near 5 year highs, while refinancing has been moving more sideways with a slight positive trend in the last few months.

Real estate loans have been firmly positive for nearly 3 years.


Money supply


  • +1.4% w/w 
  • -0.6% m/m
  • +6.5% YoY Real M1
  • +0.3% w/w  
  • +0.5% m/m 
  • +5.9% YoY Real M2 

Real M1 decelerated markedly in January to the point where it was a very weak positive, and has fluctuated since then.   Real M2 also decelerated, but has been more firmly positive.  Both have been very positive for the last two months.


Trade weighted US$

  • Up +.44 to 121.14 w/w, up +5.9% YoY (one week ago) (Broad)
  • Down -0.36 to 94.21 w/w, up +0.4% YoY (yesterday) (major currencies)


The US$ appreciated about 20% from July 2014 through spring 2015, and has gone more or less sideways with a slight positive trend since then.  l consider a YoY change of 5% or higher a negative. Against major currencies, the US$ went from positive back to neutral this week. The broad measure has returned to being negative for 6 of the last 7 weeks.


Commodity prices


  • Up +1.93 to 91.94 w/w
  • Down -8.77 YoY
BBG Industrial metals ETF
  • 94.71 up +1.43 w/w 
Commodity prices as measured by industrial metals appear to have bottomed in November. ECRI and oil subsequently turned up as well. This is enough to score commodities as neutral.


 Stock prices S&P 500


  • Down -1.6% w/w 
  • Down -4.6% from high over 1 year ago 
Stock prices made new 6 month lows in February, but also made a number of 6 month highs since April. For forecasting purposes, I am scoring this as a neutral.

Regional Fed New Orders Indexes

(*indicates report this week)

  • Empire State up +16.4 to +10.9
  • Philly down -1 to -2.9
  • Richmond down -18 to 0
  • *Kansas City up 7 to +4
  • Dallas down -20.9 to -14.9
  • Month over month rolling average: +1 from -2 to -1
I inaugurated coverage of these indexes as an experiment to see if they helped forecast the ISM new orders index, which is an excellent short leading indicator for sales and industrial production roughly by 6 months.   In May there was a serious divergence between the two. In the regional indexes, the positive bounce in March and April has been taken back, but the average is less negative than in the previous year.  There was further slight improvement this week.


Employment metrics

 Initial jobless claims

  • 259,000 down -5,000
  • 4 week average 267,000 down -2,250


Initial claims remain well within the range of a normal economic expansion, as does the 4 week average. After weakening in January, they have since recovered.


The American Staffing Association Index


  • Down -1 to 94 w/w
  • Up +0.50 YoY

This index turned negative in May 2015, getting as bad as -4.30% late last autumn.  Since the beginning of the year it has been progressively "less bad" and two weeks ago finally turned outright positive.


Tax Withholding 

  • $145.2 B for the first 17 days of June vs. $146.0 B one year ago, down -$0.8 B or -0.6%
  • $170.8 B for the last 20 reporting days ending Thursday vs. $163.4 B one year ago, up +$7.2 B or +4.4% 

Beginning with the last half of 2014, virtually all readings were positive, but turned more mixed and choppy, while still positive, since August 2015. In February I said I would need this series on the 20 day basis to decline to less than +2% YoY for me to think it has reached a turning point, and it did so for 3 weeks in a row, briefly becoming a major red flag.  Both April and May collections ran positive again. June has been disappointing, but only after an extremely strong end of May. The less volatile 20 day average remains positive.


Oil prices and usage

  • Oil down -$0.72 to  $47.54 w/w
  • Gas prices down -$.05  to $2.35 w/w 
  • Usage 4 week average up +3.9% YoY


The price of gas bottomed this winter at $1.69.  Usage turned briefly negative at the beginning of the year, but has been positive ever since.  Gas prices may have made their summer high one week ago.


Bank lending rates


Both TED and LIBOR were already rising since the beginning of last year to the point where both have usually been negatives, although there were some wild fluctuations.  Both TED and LIBOR were at or near 5 year highs in the past several months, but both have improved in the last several months, although in the last 5 weeks the TED spread rose back close to that high. Of importance is that TED was above 0.50 before both the 2001 and 2008 recessions, so although it is a negative, it is not a strong one.


Consumer spending


Both the Goldman Sachs and Johnson Redbook Indexes progressively weakened in pulses during 2015, before improving somewhat since the beginning of last November.  Both Goldman Sachs and JR were positive this week.  Gallup has been positive almost every week so far this year, and strongly so for 2 weeks before turning negative this week.  It is also possible that Gallup, unlike the other two measures, is picking up an increase in online spending. But this week I am scoring consumer spending as mixed.



Railroad transport

  • Carloads down -8.5% YoY
  • loads ex-coal down -3.2% YoY
  • Intermodal units down -4.2% YoY
  • Total loads down -6.3% YoY

Shipping transport

Rail traffic turned negative and then progressively worse in pulses throughout 2015. While intermodal traffic quickly turned positive, domestic carloads, led by coal (for export) continued to deteriorate.  Rail loads became "less worse" in January and showed continued improvement until going over the proverbial cliff nearly 3 months ago, a big negative. They were a slightly less awful this week.

After rising briskly last spring, both the BDI and Harpex recently declined again to new multi-year lows. BDI has improved enough since then to score a neutral, while Harpex has recently resumed a slight decline. I am wary of reading too much into price indexes like this, since they are heavily influenced by supply (as in, a huge overbuilding of ships in the last decade) as well as demand.

Steel production


  • Down -1.8% w/w
  • Down -0.6% YoY


Until spring 2014, steel production had generally been in a decelerating uptrend.  It then gradually rolled over and got progressively worse in pulses through the end of 2015. This year it started out as "less worse" and turned positive several months ago. Of course I will watch to see if this week is just an outlier or not.




While there were a few changes this week, the overall picture remains the same.


Among long leading indicators, interest rates for corporate bonds, treasuries, the yield curve, real money supply, real estate loans, purchase mortgage applications, and mortgage rates are positive. Refinance applications are neutral.  Since - despite Friday's Brexit-related collapse - neither corporate nor treasury interest rates have made new lows in at least a year, and mortgage rates have not made new lows for over 3 years, while the "now-cast" is positive, this remains a big negative in the longer term forecast.


Among short leading indicators, the spread between corporates and treasuries remains neutral.  Commodities across the board, and stocks, are neutral. The US$ against major currencies changed from positive to neutral, and against all currencies remains negative. Jobless claims, oil and gas prices, and usage, all remain very positive.


Among coincident indicators, rail transport was a little less awful, and shipping is also negative.  Bank rates remain negative.  Steel went negative this week.  Consumer spending went from  positive to mixed.  Temp staffing went back to positive again.


There was no fundamental change this week, although there were several Brexit-related changes.  Mortgage rates made a new 1 year low, and long term treasuries briefly nearly made new all time lows Friday morning.  The US$ strengthened, a negative. Consumer spending turned mixed, while Staffing turned positive again.  The overall picture is that of a strengthening housing sector, good financial underpinnings, and a bottoming of the shallow industrial recession.  The worry going forward is whether there is a renewed, unhelpful surge in the US$.


This coming week I will be watching the regional manufacturing indexes to see if new orders continue to trend generally positive, and also June auto sales to see whether or not that leading sector joins housing in renewed strength.


Have a nice weekend!

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