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By New_Deal_democrat February 11, 2017 10:04 am
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Weekly Indicators: long leading indicators turn a darker shade of gray

Monthly data for January was sparse.  Sentiment as measured by the U. of Michigan retreated slightly.  December wholesale inventories rose, but sales rose even more. The December JOLTS report was essentially flat.


My usual note: I look at the high frequency weekly indicators because while they can be very noisy, they provide a good Now-cast of the economy, and will telegraph the maintenance or change in the economy well before monthly or quarterly data is available.  They are also an excellent way to "mark your beliefs to market."


In general I go in order of long leading indicators, then short leading indicators, then coincident indicators.


Interest rates and credit spreads

  • Dow Jones corporate bond index 362.43 up +1.81 w/w (2016 high was 395.36, 2016 low was 341.41) 
  • 2.41% 10 year treasury bonds down -.06%
  • BofA/ML B Credit spread up +.03% to 3.87%
Yield curve, 10 year minus 2 year:
  • 1.19%, down -.07% w/w
30 year conventional mortgage rate
  • 4.19%, down -.04% w/w

Yields on treasuries and mortgage rates made new 12 month highs in December, but both have retreated enough since to score neutral. Corporate bonds also remain neutral. The yield curve and spreads are very positive.




Mortgage applications 


  • purchase applications +2% w/w
  • purchase applications +4% YoY
  • refinance applications +2% w/w
Real Estate loans
  • Unchanged w/w
  • Up +5.9% YoY

Mortgage applications turned outright negative for three weeks before tipping back to neutral for the last three weeks. Refi applications are near multi-year lows.  I expect this to bleed into the monthly housing numbers at some point in the next few months.


Real estate loans had been firmly positive for over 3 1/2 years, but the rate of growth has declined sufficiently as of this week for loans to become a neutral. The reason is that the loan numbers are cumulative. When the amount of new loans decline, the cumulative total remains positive, but shows deceleration.


Money supply


  • -2.1% w/w
  • +0.9% m/m
  • +8.3% YoY Real M1 
  • +0.4% w/w 
  • -0.5% m/m 
  • +4.1% YoY Real M2 

Both real M1 and real M2 were firmly positive almost all last year, although generally less so in the last several months, with real M2 showing substantial deceleration.


Trade weighted US$

  • Down -1.46 to 125.28 w/w, up +1.1% YoY (one week ago) (Broad)
  • Up +1.02 to 100.77 w/w, up +5.5% YoY (yesterday) (major currencies)


The US$ appreciated about 20% between mid-2014 and mid-2015.  It went mainly sideways since then until spiking higher after the US presidential election. It has been generally neutral for about 2 months, although this week as against major currencies it has risen enough to score negative.


Commodiy prices


  • Up +0.30  to 108.69 w/w
  • Up +37.48 YoY
BBG Industrial metals ETF
  • 119.23 up +5.01 w/w, up +36.2% YoY
Commodity prices bottomed near the end of 2015. After briefly turning negative, metals surged higher since the election. At some point commodities may have surged enough to act as a "choke collar" on growth. For gas that is +40% YoY. I have not yet examined commodities in general.


Stock prices S&P 500


  • Up +0.8% w/w
Stock prices are positive, having made a string of new all-time highs beginning last summer.

Regional Fed New Orders Indexes

(*indicates report this week) (no reports this week)

  • Empire State  -8.3 to +3.1
  • Philly up +11 to +25
  • Richmond up +4 to +15
  • Kansas City up +13 to +20
  • Dallas up +8.4 to +15.7
  • Month over month rolling average: up +2 to +16 (2 year high)
The regional average has been more volatile than the ISM manufacturing index, but has accurately forecast its month over month direction. These are now screaming positive.


Employment metrics

 Initial jobless claims

  • 234,000 down -12,000
  • 4 week average 244,250 down -3,750


Initial claims remain well within the range of a normal economic expansion, as does the 4 week average. 


The American Staffing Association Index


  • Unchanged at 93 w/w
  • Up +2.34 YoY

This index turned negative in May 2015, getting as bad as -4.30% late that year. In 2016 it became progressively "less bad," turning generally neutral since last May, and has now been positive for the last six weeks.


Tax Withholding

  • $71.2 B for the first 7 days of February vs. $76,2 B one year ago, down -$5.0 B or -6.6%
  • $197.8 B for the last 20 reporting days ending Thursday vs. $188.1 B one year ago, up +$9.7 B or +5.2%

Beginning with the last half of 2014, virtually all readings were positive, but turned more mixed and choppy, and occasionally even negative, in last 2015 through the first part of 2016.  The last few months have with brief exceptions shown a marked improvement.  I am discounting the last 7 days as noise, given the far more healthy rolling 20 day total.


Oil prices and usage

  • Oil up +$0.02 to  $53.85 w/w,  up +$13.95 YoY
  • Gas prices down -.01 to $2.29 w/w, up +$0.54 YoY 
  • Usage 4 week average down -6.0% YoY


The price of gas bottomed one year ago at $1.69.  Prices have gone sideways since late last summer, and moved higher in the last month, making them, and oil prices, neutrals.  Usage  faltered and has now turned negative for over two months. Oil hasn't quite turned into a headwind yet, although it is getting closer.


Bank lending rates


Both TED and LIBOR rose since the beginning of last year to the point where both have usually been negatives, although there were some wild fluctuations.  Of importance is that TED was above 0.50 before both the 2001 and 2008 recessions.  While the TED spread turned positive for  five weeks recently, this week both were again negatives.


Consumer spending


Both the Goldman Sachs and Johnson Redbook Indexes progressively weakened in pulses during 2015, before improving somewhat in 2016.  This week both were weakly positive. Gallup showed weaker holiday spending in December vs. one year ago, then rebounded sharply for two weeks before turning negative for two weeks, but for the past week absolutely screamed higher.  This is a very mixed reading.



Railroad transport

  • Carloads up +11.7% YoY
  • loads ex-coal up +5.5% YoY
  • Intermodal units up +3.3% YoY
  • Total loads up +7.3% YoY

Shipping transport

Rail turned negative in 2015. It improved for a couple of months at the beginning of 2016 before falling sharply during the spring. Since last June, rail was neutral and then positive for most weeks beginning in November.

Harpex recently declined to repeated multi-year lows. BDI recently turned very positive before declining over a month ago, and was negative again this week.  I am wary of reading too much into price indexes like this, since they are heavily influenced by supply (as in, a huge overbuilding of ships in the last decade) as well as demand.

Steel production


  • Down -0.7% w/w
  • Up +3.5% YoY

Until spring 2014, steel production had generally been in a decelerating uptrend.  It then gradually rolled over and got progressively worse in pulses through the end of 2015. It improved from negative to "less bad" to positive in 2016 and has remained positive since.




The interest rate components of the long leading indicators have improved enough to be neutral. The yield curve and money supply remain positive (but with the positivity in real M2 decelerating). Purchase mortgage applications are neutral. Refinance mortgage applications remain quite negative. The important change this week is that growth in real estate loans has decelerated enough to turn from positive to neutral.


Short leading indicators, including stock prices, jobless claims, industrial commodities, the regional Fed new orders indexes, spreads, and temp staffing are all positive.  Oil and gas prices, and the broad US$ are neutral. Gas usage turned more negative this week, and this week the US$ against major currencies turned negative.


The coincident indicators remain mixed. Steel, rail, and tax withholding are positive. Gallup consumer spending is screamingly positive, while Redbook and Goldman Sachs are very weakly positive. Shipping, the TED spread and LIBOR remain negative.


While the shorter term 6 month forecast remains strongly positive (barring a trade war), The 12 month + forecast is shading even more neutral to negative, with money supply, the yield curve, and spreads being the remaining positives.


This week I'll be especially watching the interplay between consumer inflation and spending, as both have been changing recently.


Have a nice weekend!

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