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By HaleStewart April 23, 2017 7:58 am
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International Economic Week in Review: The Trend of Positive Global News Continues

     Starting in the 4Q16, survey data released by Markit saw a pronounced improvement in sentiment.  This was accompanied by the UK’s surprising post-Brexit growth, Canada’s continued exit from its shallow recession, stronger 4Q16 Chinese numbers and nuanced but noticeable improvement in numbers from Japan.  The IMF acknowledges these improving numbers in their latest global economic forecasts. 

     At the highest level, Y/Y GDP for some of the largest economic regions has been moderate but consistent:

Since the 2Q13, Y/Y GDP growth for UK, EU, Canada and Japan has been consistently positive (although perhaps aggravatingly slow).  The IMF report made the following observation about growth data:

Economic activity gained some momentum in the second half of 2016, especially in advanced economies. Growth picked up in the United States as firms grew more confident about future demand, and inventories started contributing positively to growth (after five quarters of drag). Growth also remained solid in the United Kingdom, where spending proved resilient in the aftermath of the June 2016 referendum in favor of leaving the European Union (Brexit). Activity surprised on the upside in Japan thanks to strong net exports, as well as in euro area countries, such as Germany and Spain, as a result of strong domestic demand.   

     The IMF noted two other important fundamental improvements.  First is an increase in consumer durables and capital goods production:

Consumer durables production (top chart) declined in the 4Q15 and 1H16 but has since rebounded and is now growing near 4%.  Capital goods production contracted in 1Q15, largely due to the oil price collapse.  But in increased in 2 of the last 3 quarters.  Second, is a pick-up in trade and investment:

Imports contracted in the 1Q16, but rebounded (top chart).  The bottom chart shows the positive correlation between imports and capital investments.        

     The report doesn’t mention 2 other contributing factors.  The first is the lack of any large macro-economic shocks, which occurred fairly regularly after the recession.  The EU-Greek showdown – which nearly brought the EU down -- was the first.  This was followed by Japan’s ill-advised sales tax increase and then oil’s price collapse.   But it’s been 2 years since an event that could potentially destabilize the global economy.  While Brexit was supposed to represent such a shock it hasn’t – at least, not yet.

     Second, is the dollar’s strength relative to the euro, sterling, Canadian dollar and yen, all of which are trading near 5-year lows versus the dollar.  The primary reason for this is the difference between the Fed’s policy -- which is clearly tightening and therefore dollar positive – and that of the other central banks – all of which are maintaining their current low rates.     

     The data is stil a bit too new to call it a solid trend.  In fact, we're only seen the improvement for less than 2 quarters.  And the possibility of a marco-level shock (like a military strike on North Korea or the French election) is still high.  But there is no doubt that recent international releases point to increasing growth across the globe.

Hale Stewart is a tax lawyer in Houston, Texas with the Law Office of Hale Stewart, where he specializes in domestic and international tax structures and asset protection.  He is also a financial adviser with Thompson Creek Wealth Advisers.  

      

 

     

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